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MIRISK

Mitigation Information and Risk Identification System

During the 1990s, the cumulative loss of economic assets due to natural disasters is estimated at 2.5% of 2000 GDP for China, 5.2% for Bangladesh, and 15.6% for Nicaragua. This loss includes network infrastructure (e.g., bridges, power transmission lines, pipelines, etc.) not engineered to withstand the impacts of earthquakes and floods. Most visibly, building infrastructure is vulnerable. The two major earthquakes in Turkey in 1999 damaged some 23,400 buildings. Some 16,400 of these, encompassing 93,000 housing units and 15,000 small business units, collapsed or were heavily damaged. The World Bank has contributed significantly to disaster recovery efforts across the developing world including nearly a billion dollars for Asian tsunami recovery, reconstruction following the Gujarat earthquake in India ($443m), Hurricane Mitch reconstruction in Honduras ($200m), Marmara earthquake reconstruction in Turkey ($505m), and flood recovery in Mozambique ($30m).

 

The World Bank is increasingly integrating natural hazard risk management and mitigation approaches into the design of infrastructure projects as well as in policy advice to clients to ensure that new infrastructure is able to withstand disaster impacts. Mitigation Information and Risk Identification System (MIRISK) is one such tool developed by the World Bank which will provide sources of information for natural hazards design guidelines, norms and good practices, and is intended for use by Development Managers during all stages of the Project Cycle. MIRISK has been developed to let users identify the natural hazards related to the development project, identify the typical vulnerability of each infrastructure, identify normal design and mitigation plan of each infrastructure.

 

With assistance from Government of Japan under Japan CTF, MIRISK was developed by the MIRISK Team at Kyoto University (Christakis Mina, Takahiro Tsutsumiuchi), under the direction of Prof. Charles Scawthorn and the World Bank's Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (Saroj K. Jha , Program Manager).

Additional Information on MIRISK 

 


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最終更新日 2015年11月11日(水曜)16:39

OSRE

Open Source Risk Engine (OSRE)

 

Overview

The Open Source Risk Engine (OSRE) was developed initially in Kyoto University, Graduate School of Engineering, Department of Urban Management, in order to meet the requirements of the "Capstone Project" for the Masters Degree in Engineering. The purpose of the "Capstone Project" was to develop a multi-hazards open-source software that can estimate the risk (damage) of a particular site (object) given a hazard and the vulnerability with their associate probability distributions. The original project team was made up of four Master Degree students (Christakis Mina, Masaki Higuchi, Koichiro Danno, Puay How Tion ) and guided by Professors Scawthorn, Kiyono and Ono. The software was developed in Visual Basic .net 2003. Several modules of the program were initially coded in FORTRAN, C and Basic and then converted into Visual Basic .net.

It was decided that the developed software will be disseminated with the “Open Source Academic Free License”. The main reason for choosing to disseminate the project as an Open Source software is to give access to engineers, programmers, researchers and educators from around the world to develop and enhance the program freely and keep it free for all to use. Using the Internet interested parties can read, redistribute, and modify the source of the software. The software becomes “alive” and keeps evolving “at a speed that, if one is used to the slow pace of conventional software development, seems astonishing”.

The software was tested using earthquake and flood data and verified using a model developed by the original project team in Microsoft Excel.

KEYWORDS: mswin all32bit, scientific, osre, risk engine, open source, os groups, vb net, estimation software, natural hazards loss

Please visit the project's web sites for more information at:

OSRE at GitHub
OSRE at SourceForge


 

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最終更新日 2015年6月18日(木曜)14:00

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